Cattle Breed Improvement Program (CBIP) through the establishment of Integrated Livestock Development (ILD) centers for providing the services of Artificial Insemination & Veterinary First aid to cows & buffaloes at the doorsteps of the farmers.

Cattle Breed Improvement Program, JK Trust, Chattisgarh

Cattle Breed Improvement Program is an initiative of J K Trust- Gram Vikas Yojana and interventions are spread in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Jharkhand, Telangana.

Activities planning and implementation Integrated Livestock Development Centre (ILDC) - Cluster approach for doorstep delivery of animal breeding and other veterinary services; Van Bhagini Project - ILDC fully managed & operated by tribal lady gopals; Mobile Veterinary Clinics- to provide much needed professional veterinary service to dairy farmers in remote areas; Call Center approach: India’s first call centre exclusively for dairy farmers was established in Haryana; Fodder Multiplication & Fodder Seed Development Centre- initiated in Chhattisgarh;

Self Sustainability: To provide sustainability to the centres post project implementation by ways like:

● Gross Survey to identify possible number & location of proposed ILD Centres to avoid overlapping of services provided by other agencies.

● Selection of candidates for Paravet training preferably from the area of the centres & 4 Months’ Paravet training.

● Selection of Monitoring Officers & one month induction training.

● Procurement of AI equipments & other assets required for establishment of ILD centre.

● Baseline survey of the area covered by centres to identify the breedable animal population & beneficiaries.

● Establishment of ILD Centre & commence of AI & other veterinary services.

● Regular District & State Level review meeting to keep track of progress

● Providing regular MIS reports.

● Refresher training to gopals and Monitoring officers.

● Midterm & final Impact evaluation of the programme.

● Operating centres into Self Sustainable Mode after completion of the project period.

Benefits to Stakeholders Community nutrition has been enhanced and livelihood of the people has increased. Animal husbandry has helped offshoot new outcomes in terms of adoption of organic agriculture, fodder cultivation and enterprises like milk chilling centres and milk cooperatives.

Sustainability The main objective of the programme is to upgrade the local indigenous low milk-yielding cows by crossbreeding them with the use of frozen semen from highly pedigreed exotic/indigenous bulls. The resulting crossbred / upgraded calves will be better milk yielders and will help in improving the socio-economic status of the farmers especially the ones who are landless, marginal land holders and poor. The programme is being implemented through Integrated Livestock Development (ILD) centers. One ILD centre covers all the villages (approximately 5-10) falling within a radius of 5 – 8 Kms. Hence depending on the size of the block, the number of centers to be established is decided.

Each of these ILD centers, are operated by a local educated unemployed youth called “Gopal”. He is given four months intensive training to carry out Artificial Insemination in cows / buffaloes and other allied veterinary services, by qualified veterinarians at different training centres located at Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

The programme operator (Gopal) will be provided with a motorcycle and AI equipments. He goes to the doorsteps of the farmers and carries out artificial insemination of cows and buffalos and provides other veterinary support services. Thus an important feature of this programme is the doorstep delivery of services. The project is formulated in such a way that after completion of project period in five years, the project / innovation can sustain on its own system without receiving financial support outside.

Financial Sustainability Under this Programme, Financial support is required from outside agency at initial five years for purchasing of vehicle for mobility in the field, AI equipments and to bear the recurring cost. During the Five years of project period, there is a provision for charging fees from the beneficiaries for various services providing to them. The amount of fees is increased gradually every year, so that a sufficient corpus fund can be generated during this period. The corpus fund generated along with the increased paying capacity of beneficiaries helps to continue the project in operation after completion of project period.