An Adarsh Gram should evolve out of people’s shared vision, using their capacities and available resources to the best extent possible, duly facilitated by the MP, the Gram Panchayat, civil society and the government machinery. Naturally, the elements of an Adarsh Gram would be context specific. However, it is still possible to broadly identify the important activities. They would include:



a. Personal development


i. Inculcating hygienic behaviour and practices

ii. Fostering healthy habits including daily exercise and games

iii. Reducing risk behaviour- alcoholism, smoking, substance abuse, etc.


b. Human Development


i. Universal access to basic health facilities consisting of health card, medical examination

ii. Total immunization

iii. Balancing the sex-ratio

iv. 100% institutional delivery

v. Improving nutrition status for all, with special focus on children, adolescent girls, pregnant women, and lactating mothers

vi. Strong focus on the special needs

of Persons With Disability (PWD), especially children and women

vii. Universal access to education facilities up to Class X and retention

viii. Conversion of schools into ‘smart schools’. Smart schools will have IT enabled classrooms, e-libraries, web based teaching and will make all students e-literate required for providing quality education ix. Adult literacy x. E-literacy xi. Village libraries including e-libraries


c. Social development


i. Activities for promotion of voluntarism like Bharat Nirman Volunteers

ii. Building the capacity of the people to fully participate and contribute to local development

iii. Activities for honouring village elders, local role models especially women, freedom fighters and martyrs

iv. Activities for violence and crime free villages such as:

a. Setting up Citizen Committees

b. Sensitization, especially of youth

v. Village sports and folk arts festivals

vi. Having a village song to instil a sense of pride among the people

vii. Celebrating ‘Village Day’ viii. Proactive steps for inclusion and integration of socially excluded groups, especially Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.


d. Economic Development


i. Promoting diversified agricultural and allied livelihoods, including livestock and horticulture, through-

a. Organic farming

b. Soil health cards

c. Crop intensification such as SRI

d. Setting up of seed banks

e. Collection and value addition to Non Timber Forest Produce, Livestock development including Gobar Bank, cattle hostel

f. Livestock development including Gobar Bank, cattle hostel

g. Micro-irrigation h. Agro-service centres


ii. Rural industrialization like:

a. Post-harvest technology applications

b. Micro-enterprises

c. Dairy development and processing

d. Food processing

e. Traditional Industries


iii. Skill Development of all eligible youth for self-employment and placement iv. Village Tourism including eco-tourisme. 


e. Environmental Development

i. Activities for a clean and green village consisting of:

a. Providing toilets in each household and in all public institutions and ensuring their proper use

b. Appropriate solid and liquid waste management

ii. Roadside plantations

iii. Tree plantation in accordance with local preferences in homesteads, schools and public institutions – including green walkways

iv. Social forestry

v. Watershed management especially renovation and revival of traditional water bodies

vi. Rainwater harvesting- rooftop as well as others

vii. Reducing local pollution of air, water and land


f. Basic amenities and services

i. Pucca houses for all houseless poor/poor living in kutcha houses

ii. Drinking water, preferably treated piped water with household taps

iii. Internal all weather roads with covered drains

iv. All weather road connectivity to the main road-network

v. Electricity connection to all households and street-lights including from alternative sources of energy, especially solar 

vi. Pucca infrastructure for public institutions- Anganwadis, schools, health institutions, Gram Panchayat Office and libraries

vii. Civic infrastructure including community halls, buildings for SHG federations, playgrounds and burial grounds/crematoria

viii. Village markets ix. Infrastructure for PDS outlets x. Micro mini banks /post offices/ATMs

xi. Broadband connectivity and Common Service Centres

xii. Telecom connectivity

xiii. CCTVs in public places


g. Social Security

i. Pensions for all eligible families- old age, disability and widow

ii. Insurance schemes like Aam Aadmi Bima Yojana

iii. Health insurance- RSBY

iv. PDS- universal access to all eligible households


h. Good Governance

i. Strengthening of local democracy through strong and accountable Gram Panchayats and active Gram Sabhas

ii. E-Governance resulting in better service delivery

iii. Provision of UIDAI cards to all 

iv. Ensuring regular and punctual attendance of government and panchayat staff 

v. Time bound service delivery in line with Department’s Citizens Charter 

vi. Holding of Mahila Gram Sabhas before every Gram Sabha 

vii. Holding of a Gram Sabha at least 4 times a year viii. Holding of Bal Sabhas every quarter

ix. Proactive disclosure of all information pertaining to the implementation of the programme in the public domain and through wall-writing, notice boards in the local language. This should necessarily include the list of beneficiaries, item-wise budgets and expenditure. 

x. Gram Panchayat acting as an information facilitation centre 

xi. Timely redressal of grievances filed by people, such that:

1. Grievances of all nature to be submitted to the Gram Panchayat /Charge Officer and dated receipt to be given

2. Grievances to be redressed within three weeks along with written reply

3. Institutionalization of regular open platforms for airing of grievances and their redressal, coordinated by the Gram Panchayat


xii. Half yearly Social Audit of the programme implementation by the Gram Sabha facilitated by the Social Audit Units set up under MGNREGA